Climate plans from Stabenow and Warren, lead in local cities, pollution persists in the Detroit River
October 11, 2019 | CO2 2019/2018 408.33 / 405.34 ppm <<--www.co2.earth/daily-co2
|Oct 11, 2019|
Ice fishing on Lake Huron. Photo by Amy Sacka, one of several Knight Arts Challenge Detroit’s winners with projects focused on the environment.
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Stabenow drops climate report, presents crisis as opportunity for Michigan
Michigan’s senior senator Debbie Stabenow issued a climate report last week that discusses a number of possible outcomes for Michigan as the crisis intensifies. The predictions outlined in the report—like increased algal blooms and a shorter winter recreation season—may not exactly surprise anyone who has been following these issues (like Planet Detroit readers) but it’s still useful to have these challenges compiled and presented in plain language.
Stabenow’s report cites public health dangers for Michiganders from climate change-related factors like mosquito-borne diseases and an extended allergy season, as well as the economic threats to shipping and agriculture. It also presents climate change as an opportunity for the state in terms of clean energy and electric vehicles.
From the report:
Michigan is poised to lead the way, ranking first in the Midwest for clean energy jobs and fifth in the country. The state’s clean energy industry is expected to grow another 9% in 2019—more than double its growth in 2018, and more than any other state in the Midwest.
Stabenow’s report sidesteps discussing climate threats in a national or global context and does not mention climate justice. In the past, Stabenow has endorsed some elements of the Green New Deal that seeks to link climate action with social justice but has criticized aspects of it as well.
Elizabeth Warren has a plan too
Presidential hopeful Elizabeth Warren last week unveiled her plan that addresses climate and environmental justice issues specifically. Among other things, she would address pollution in hard-hit communities including Flint, Detroit and the Navajo Nation. (Warren had previously issued a document that dealt with climate change more generally, including a number of ambitious goals for reducing emissions from transportation and power generation.)
Detroit receives special attention in Warren’s proposal, especially the 48217 zip code that is believed to be Michigan’s most polluted. The report is frank about what caused these problems:
We didn’t get here by accident. Our crisis of environmental injustice is the result of decades of discrimination and environmental racism compounding in communities that have been overlooked for too long. It is the result of multiple choices that put corporate profits before people, while our government looked the other way. It is unacceptable, and it must change.
To advance the twin goals of social justice and environmental action, Warren wants to make her Green Manufacturing Plan contingent on companies offering fair wages, benefits and collective bargaining rights. The document also seeks to make companies declare their emissions and exposure to climate risk through a Climate Risk Disclosure Act and includes action on clean water, prosecution of corporate polluters and additional funding for the Conservation Stewardship Program on farms among many, many other things. Seriously, there is a lot of stuff in there.
Lead problems persist in Metro Detroit
Half a decade since the beginning of the Flint water crisis, lead continues to emerge as an issue in many Michigan communities. Here’s a roundup of a few stories from just this past week that hints at the scale of the ongoing crisis.
Detroit was awarded a $9.7 million grant to address lead issues by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development that will target 450 homes within the 48209 zip code on the city’s southwest side. This was part of $300 million granted nationally, but Detroit received the largest amount of any city. State data shows that 7.4% of children under 6 in Detroit have elevated blood lead levels, the highest percentage of any city in the state.
Birmingham issued a water advisory after 5 of its 32 testing sites exceeded action levels for lead. White Lake Township also found lead at several sites. Birmingham’s advisory says the “'Action Level' is not a health-based standard”, but any amount of lead in drinking water is considered unacceptable. Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha, who played a major roll in exposing the Flint water crisis, says that these results are unsurprising because “we have lead hidden throughout our drinking water infrastructure and now we are doing a better job testing."
Michigan’s new Lead and Copper rule exposed problems in Highland Park. .The new rule requires testing of the fifth liter to come out of the faucet as well as the first, a change that was implemented to monitor the water that may have been sitting in a lead service line. An article by the Natural Resources Defense Council’s Jeremy Orr emphasizes that Michigan’s new standard is one of the most stringent in the nation and that Highland Park’s problems illustrate risks faced by low-income communities and communities of color that may only be revealed through increased vigilance on water suppliers.
The USEPA announced this week that it would be overhauling its requirements for how communities must test lead in water. Changes include requiring utilities to test in daycares and schools and creating a new, lower “trigger level” of 10 ppm (down from 15 ppm) that would require action.
The Detroit River still has problems
Although the recovery of the Detroit River is often touted in the local press, a recent report in the Windsor Star suggests that there is still work to do to mitigate the centuries of pollution that have been deposited in the waterway. As Sam Noffke from the Michigan Department of Great Lakes and Energy (EGLE) recently said at a meeting in Windsor, “The entire Detroit River shoreline needs remediation.” He also said, “No area in the Detroit River is clean.”
These comments come after 873 samples of sediment from the river were collected and tested. Many of them showed significant quantities of lead, mercury, asbestos, chromium, cyanide, and pesticides. The highest concentration of contaminants was found near the former Uniroyal site, close to Belle Isle. EGLE officials suggest that it will likely take years and a significant amount of money to clean up the contaminated sentiment.
Indiana steel mill spews waste into Lake Michigan again and again
In what sounds like a very high level of pollution indeed, the Chicago Tribune reports that the ArcelorMittal steel mill east of Gary has violated clean water laws more than 100 times in the last four years. The most recent release of concentrated cyanide and ammonia killed thousands of fish in Lake Michigan.
So far, neither the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency nor the Indiana Department of Environmental Management has disciplined the plant for any one of its numerous recent violations, prompting groups like the Surfrider Foundation (one of this nation’s groovier non-profits) and the Chicago Law Department to push for federal judges to crack down on the company. An editorial in the Chicago Sun-Times suggests that the failure to hold ArcelorMittal accountable is due to budget cuts and a lack of interest in environmental enforcement on the part of the Trump Administration.
Solutions & Bright Spots
Some brighter spots we found in the news this week:
The Rouge River is much improved from 50 years ago when it caught fire.
Michigan’s Kirtland’s Warbler comes off the endangered species list.
Sugar beets may be the solution to de-icing roads without salt.
A meditation on preparing for fall in Detroit by Julién Godman.
Detroit-based Geez Magazine released its fall issue focused on Climate Justice.
Several of the Knight Arts Challenge Detroit winners are executing projects that relate to the local environment. They include:
Amy Sacka ($15,000)
The Pursuit of Ice
An immersive exhibition of photography, housed in a portable ice shanty, that celebrates local ice fishing culture, heritage and traditions and initiates a conversation around the issues of climate change.
Kayla Powers ($10,000)
Local Color: Natural Dyes of Detroit
A temporary, outdoor installation of tapestries created by gathering and documenting local/native dye plants, dyeing American grown fibers, and weaving them to merge the natural world with the urban environment.
Sidewalk Detroit ($78,000)
Stick Work in Eliza Howell Park, a land art commission by Patrick Dougherty
A commissioned, large-scale, multi-storied sapling reed sculpture by land artist Patrick Dougherty to create a transformative nature-based art installation in collaboration with local craftspersons in Eliza Howell Park
READ THIS: NYT mapped transportation emissions
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